Wednesday, May 27, 2009

Red cancels from Japan

My scanner is temporarily out of service so I feel frustrated because I can not share with you some of the items I received recently. But hopefully, this should not last long. While trying to sort of the mess on my PC, I found back the scan of two Japanese covers that I did not show to you up to now. Interestingly both covers have comment points: they come from the same sender (but this you can not guess when seeing them), they are both franked with stamps commemorating a congress or an event and they both bear a very nice red and large cancellation. This is the main reason why I wanted to show them to you.
Let’s have a look to the first one.

Three not-so-recent stamps are used on the cover. The left one is a stamp belonging to a set of two stamps issued on the 24th of October 1970 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the United Nation. The stamp has a very simple design, with just the silhouette of a tree and the UN emblem.
The stamp located in the middle was issued the same year, on the 17th of August. It commemorates the 4th United Nations congress on prevention of crime and treatment of the offenders. Such congress is held by the United Nations every 5 years. The first one was in 1955 and was held in Geneva. The following ones were held in London, Stockholm, Kyoto, Geneva again, Caracas, Milan, Havana, Cairo, Vienna, and the last one in 2005 was in Bangkok. Again the stamp has a very simple design, but I must admit that I hardly understand the symbolism behind…
The last stamp is a more recent one; it belongs to a set of three stamps issued on the 2nd of September 1994 tot celebrate the opening of Kansai International Airport. Kansai International Airport (KIX) is an international airport located on an artificial island in the middle of Osaka Bay. It was opened on the 4th of September 1994 and serves as a hub for several airlines such as ANA (All Nippon Airways) and Japan Airlines. The stamp pictures a map of the airport (as it was at the opening time, it has been extended since then) and the tail of a plane.

As you can see the stamps have been cancelled by a large circular red cancel which is rather nice. The second cover bears the same postmark. Here it is.

The stamp on the left has been issued on the 5th of September 1988 to celebrate the 16th world congress of Rehabilitation International. Rehabilitation International (RI) is a global network of experts, professionals and advocates working together to empower persons with disabilities and provide sustainable solutions for a more inclusive and accessible society. It was founded in 1922. The 16th congress was help in Tokyo and was the first congress of RI held in an Asian country.

The last stamp was issued on the 25th of May 1981 to celebrate the 12th convention of IAPH held in Nagoya. IAPH stands for International Association of Ports and Harbors. IAPH, created in 1955, is a non governmental organization headquartered in Tokyo, whose principal objective is to develop and foster good relations and cooperation among all ports and harbors in the world by proving a forum to exchange opinions and share experiences on the latest trends of port management and operations.

As you can see, the cover also has the same red cancellation. I’m really interested to get some information about these types of postmarks. Does anybody know anything about them?


Anonymous said...

Sending cover with old stamps is not too good in terms of philately. Stamps issued in 1970s and 1980s on cover send in 2009 make the cover looks odd. Many serious philatelists just do not like this type of cover because the value of postal history has been reduced.

Eric said...

Yes I know that this is what some philatelists do consider. Personnaly I disagree. But this is what is interesting in philately: there are a lot of different views and opinions.
Anyway in this post I was more interested in showing the red cancels than discussing about postal history.

Yusuke à TOKYO said...

Je suis un philateliste japonais.
Je vais essayer de résumer ce que c'est "the red cancellations " en anglais...

The red cancellations are everyday cancels which are used at about 10000 japanese post offices across the contry, and they usually describe notable sights and speciality of the region.
The first red cancellations date back to 1930's, and a growing number of post offices are using this red cancellations since then.
Post offices have their unique red cancellations and basically any two post offices do not have the same design, which makes an enormous variety of designs nation-wide.
Many people use these cancellations as a souvenir, but you can also play with them combining the design of the cancellation and stamps, since there are so various.
I bet there are not a few red cancellations which describe frogs, but I am yet to find them.
The red cancellations are called "Fuu-kei-in " in Japanese which means "Landscape cancellations ".

I couldn't find any english or french site explaning this postmarks,
but you can see some images here (japanese site).

Red cancellations in TOKYO region

Red cancellations in KYOTO region

I will send you some covers.

Yusuke à TOKYO